What Can Betta Fish Eat of Human Food?

Who doesn’t know about our very friendly Betta fish? It has attractive colors and is also called Siamese Fighting Fish. It is a great primary pet. The Betta fish need some specific dietary and nutritional necessities for any pet which keeps them fit and happy. One of the significant questions a person can ask when buying Betta fish for them is, “Can Betta  Fish eat human food?” Well, it is quite a good question to ask and we will discuss if betta fish can eat human food and what can betta fish eat of human food. So let’s get started.


Can Betta Fish Eat Human Food?

You will love feeding your Betta fish daily-based fish food most of the time. However, But have you ever tried giving them human food? By human food, I mean things like fruits, vegetables, and meats, not the standard fish pellets.

So can we feed Betta fish human food? The answer is pretty much YES, for example, some foods grown from the ground and meats as well. One thing you should note here is that you shouldn’t make this an everyday practice. This means that you need to be consistent with regular food. However, your Bettas may perform well by consuming human foods too. It can be a good supplement and treat for your precious betta fish.


Why We Feed Human Food to Betta Fish?

There are two causes why you may feed your betta fish human food:

  • You have no fish food at the moment
  • You may offer your fish human food to save your money

The primary reason can happen to you anytime. If you don’t have enough time to purchase fish food, then you can give some human food to your Betta fish.

The second reason is to save your money. Indeed, everyone wants to save money. But is it genuinely worth saving a couple of dollars here and there?

If you’ve decided to be committed to keeping your Betta happy, you will probably want to spend the money to purchase its appropriate food.


What Food Does Betta Fish Generally Eat?

To answer this question, first, you need to think about the living conditions of Bettas in the wild. Betta fish remain in the water, therefore; they will eat water creates. They are also carnivores, so they will tend to eat meats. Here are some types of meats that they will love to eat in the wild:

  • Bloodworms
  • White worms
  • Daphnia
  • Copepods
  • Fruit flies
  • Water flies
  • Mosquito Larvae
  • Shrimps: Brine Shrimp, Fairy Shrimp, Opossum Shrimp
  • Other small fishes
  • Moina
  • Glass worms

A diet having such kinds of meats is ideal for a Betta fish. Good sources of food for your fish are fish pellets and robust meats as they offer all the essential nutrients that your fish needs.


What Can Betta Fish Eat of Human Food?

When we talk about human food, the majority of our foods are not appropriate for feeding Betta fish. You can exclude any type of processed food such as salami or bologna. Different chemical substances and preservatives will not provide your Betta fish any essential nutrients and can make them severely sick.

There are some of the human foods that you can offer your Betta fish that are given below.

  • Betta fish can consume boiled peas having no shell. Keep in mind to remove the skin before feeding because it is very difficult for them to digest. Many boiled peas help in relieving digestion problems of your Betta fish.
  • Cucumber, as well as, lettuce, are also excellent sources of food. They contain a lot of vitamins, and Betta fish can easily digest them. Don’t provide them plenty of these things and make sure to cut them into small pieces.
  • Some boiled or cooked spinach also provides nutrients. A few Betta fish don’t like it, but others do. Tastes matter here. First, you need to lightly cook it as it can be difficult for your Betta fish to digest.
  • Betta fish will love to eat some boiled seeds of maize, which is also a rich source of energy. Make sure that maize doesn’t have all essential nutrients; therefore, it can be given to Betta fish as an irregular treat.
  • Small quantities of meats such as beef, chicken, and pig meat can be given to Betta fish. Nowadays, most individuals are against this as it is unusual for a water-loving creature to consume a land-based diet. However, it is not harmful. Keep in mind to boil the meat first and add ultimately no spices. The only disadvantage of providing meat is that it is frequently made with some antibiotics and steroids, which are possibly not so beneficial for Betta fish to eat.
  • They will also eat some fish pieces and different types of seafood. Small pieces of shrimp, oysters, scallops and other creatures are also good sources, no doubt. The benefit here is that these foods are gained from animals. It means that you can precisely substitute their food with such meats.
  • On the other hand, if you are offering your Betta fish canned tuna, keep in mind that it is not packed in fat or oil. Fat-based food is not a good idea for your Betta fish, and it doesn’t help in relation to water quality.
  • Never feed any kind of citrus fruits to your Betta fish. Their digestive system can’t control the acidity.
  • However, you can feed Bettas a small piece of an unsalted biscuit once in a while; it is not suggested because of additives.
  • You can give them a very little piece of mango only once in a while. It is essential that if the mango is not used within half an hour, then it should be removed from their tank; otherwise, they can die. Mango is a frailty to Bettas but can be deadly to the water tank if left for a longer period.


Tips For Feeding Betta Fishes Human Food:

Here are some tips to aid you in providing your Betta fish human foods.

  • It’s not important what type of food you are giving your Betta fish; keep in mind that you don’t have bulk food to feed them a lot. They are small, and they can’t simply take so much food. Feeding a lot of food is a common way your Betta fish gets sick.
  • Monitor how much amount of food you are feeding your Betta fish. In this way, you can realize either you are overfeeding your Betta fish or not. You can record the eating behaviors of your fish for some days to know how they manage to eat the food.
  • You can easily guess if you have overstuffed your fish if they look bloated or tired. If you feed them and they don’t get it right away, this might be an indication that they are not feeling good or they have had excessive food to eat.
  • There are many excellent resources available online to help you know about your Betta fish. All fishes don’t have the same behavior. Some possess different tones than others, so don’t get shocked if your fish is performing differently.
  • Keep in mind to feed your Betta fish around 80% to 90% animal-based foods. They are called carnivores and you should not give them too many plant-based foods.
  • You should have a proper feeding plan for your Betta fish. Feed your Betta fish twice a day at an interval of 12 hours. In other words, give food to your Betta fish at 8 am and then at 8 pm. The time is not as significant as keeping an exact schedule.

Read our other article on the best food for your betta fish!


What Human Foods NOT to Feed Your Betta Fish:

This list could be infinite since there are many more human foods not to feed Bettas than there are to feed them.


There is myth setting Bettas in a lovely container along with a rooted plant and supposing them to rely on the roots. As you know that they are carnivores, and you also know that they will die in a few weeks because of starvation and lack of nutrients like protein.

Fibrous, chewy vegetables and some fruits:

It comprises carrots, beans, as well as bananas.

Farm-grown animals

Think about what kind of meat your Betta fish would encounter in their natural atmosphere. Whenever a chicken or cattle falls into the water, so your fish will not be going to consume it. Bacon is not considered harmless meat to give your betta fish generally as it is treated with additives.

Can Betta Fish Eat Bread or crackers?

No. You should not feed your betta any kind of bread or crackers. Bread and crackers provide zero nutrition value. While betta fish might like eating a piece of bread or cracker, it will cause digestive problems to your betta. Your betta might suffer from constipation or bloating.

Can Betta Fish Eat Lettuce, Cucumber, Spinach, etc vegetables?

Yes, Betta fish can lettuce, cucumber, spinach, and some other vegetables as well. These food aren’t bad for your betta and you might try feeding them once in a while. However, the taste and likings of all bettas aren’t the same. So some bettas might like them and some will not. You should not feed carrots, beans, etc fibrous vegetables that are hard to digest. You must avoid vegetables that have bitter flavors like cabbage, broccoli, onion, brussel, leek, sprouts, shallots, etc.


Can Betta Fish Eat Peas?

Yes. Betta fish can eat peas. In fact, feeding your betta some boiled pea can be good medicine for bloating or constipation. Peas have a lot of fiber and it can help your betta cleaning their digestive system and removing waste from the stomach. Never feed frozen peas to your betta as it might be hard to chew and digest. Instead, boil the peas properly so that it is soft, remove the outer skin then cut them into very small pieces. However, you must not overfeed your betta with peas. You have to be careful about the quantity and the way of feeding it to your betta. A quarter of pea is more than enough for your betta.

Can Betta Fish Eat Citrus Fruit?

No. Never. Citrus fruits are very unhealthy to your betta. Citrus fruits contain very high pH levels and badly affect the ecosystem of your betta tank. These fruits are very acidic and can harm your bettas’ sensitive digestive system. Feeding citrus food can kill your betta overnight. So never feed your betta any kind of citrus fruits like Citron, Desert lime, lemon, calamondin oranges, etc.

don't feed lemon

Can you feed betta fish apples, mango, or melons?

Some bettas love to eat sweet fruits like mango, apple, etc. You won’t know what food your bettas like the most until you try to feed them. Sometimes, you can give your betta a small piece of mango, melons, apples, etc, and see if they like it. If they don’t like these fruits, remove them immediately from the tank so that your tank doesn’t become a wasteland of decomposed fruits.

Pro Tip: Before giving a new food to your betta, you must research and make sure it’s not harmful to your fish.

Read more: Betta Fish Feeding Guide (Everything You Need to Know)


Should You Feed Your Betta Fish Flakes and Pellets Regularly?

Fish flakes and betta pellets are some of the most common food items for betta fish. But, you should be careful about these commercial foods. Feeding too much betta pellets and fish flakes can harm your betta’s digestive system. Most of these commercial food contains a lot of fillers which are hard to digest and provide zero nutrition value. It will be best if you can feed the live/frozen foods. However, if you are going to feed fish pellets, I will recommend choosing them carefully. Here are some foods that I feed my betta regularly. These foods can improve the color of your betta and support their digestive system.

Bestseller No. 1
Ultra Fresh - Betta Pro Shrimp Patties, 50% Sword Prawns + Akiami...
  • All Natural Protein Blending together premium wild sword prawns and Akiami paste shrimps (up to 50% of total content),...
  • Premium Wild Sword Prawns Sword Prawns features a strong and unique taste that tops all other shrimps, making them the...
Bestseller No. 3
Blood Worms 0.5 oz -100% Natural Freeze Dried Blood Worms - Aquarium...
  • HEALTHY & TASTY - Blood Worms are super rich in protein, minerals, and multi-vitamins! Their essential nutrients are key...
  • SUPERIOR QUALITY - Freeze dried blood worms are excellent food for your aquatic pet. Stimulates good growth and enhances...
Bestseller No. 4
API BETTA FOOD Fish Food Pellet .78-Ounce Container
  • Contains one (1) API BETTA FOOD Fish Food Pellet .78-Ounce Container
  • Contains key nutrients that enhance the vibrant color and overall health of betta fish.
Bestseller No. 5
Hikari Betta Bio-Gold Baby Pellets Fish Food Bundle Bonus Pack 3 Pack
  • Scientifically Developed Diet For All Types Of Bettas
  • Optimally Balanced Nutrition Bettas Require



So, it is the type of two-sided situation. Betta fish can consume some human foods, but cannot consume all of them. It is better to know what can betta fish eat of human food before feeding Bettas. However, they should not eat a lot of them. When we learn about the digestive system, essential nutrients, and regular commercial foods of Betta fish, we can better know what kinds of human foods are suitable to offer them occasionally.

Read more:

Best Filters for Betta Fish (Reviews and Buying Guide)

Best Heaters for Betta Fish (Reviews and Buying Guide)

Best Tanks for Betta Fish (Reviews and Buying Guide)

Best 10 Gallon Tanks (Reviews and Buying Guide)



8 thoughts on “What Can Betta Fish Eat of Human Food?”

  1. My beta is not really eating the food i bought her i already changed it to a new one they recommend in petsmart but i feel he dont like it what can i do?

  2. Bettas can have lettuce, frozen peas and No fruits. Your betta cant handle citrus like humans do. Un thaw your peas and cut it into crum sized pieces so you betta dish doesn’t choke even, do the same with the lettuce. If your peices were to big and you betta fish is struggling to eat it (chocking) clean out your tank and add stress reliever. (Make sure to clean the tank leaving the betta fish in it). He will go into stress, leave him in a dark room, countinuesly check on him.


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